the world’s third biggest exporter of rice, has started buying the grain from
rival India for the first time in decades after local prices jumped to their
highest in nine years amid limited domestic supplies, four industry officials
The purchases highlight tightening supplies in Asia, which could lift rice
prices in 2021 and even force traditional buyers of rice from Thailand and
Vietnam to switch to India – the world’s biggest exporter of the grain.
Indian traders have been contracted to export 70,000 tonnes of 100% broken rice
for January and February shipments at around $310 per tonne on a free-on-board
(FOB) basis, the industry officials say.
“For the first time we are exporting to Vietnam,” BV Krishna Rao, president of
the Rice Exporters Association, told Reuters on Monday. “Indian prices are very
attractive. The huge price difference is making exports possible.”
Dwindling supplies and continued Philippine buying have lifted Vietnamese rice
export prices to a fresh nine-year high.
Vietnam’s 5% broken rice is offered around $500-$505 per tonne, significantly
higher compared to Indian prices of $381-$387.
The shrinking supplies will heighten concerns about food insecurity with
sub-Saharan Africa among the areas where import demand has been increasing due
partly to population growth.
Chronic and acute hunger is on the rise, impacting vulnerable households in
almost every country, with the Covid-19 pandemic reducing incomes and
disrupting supply chains, according to the World Bank.
Traders said the global pandemic has also prompted Vietnam and other countries
to stockpile rice.
Vietnam announced last year it would stockpile 270,000 tonnes of rice to ensure
food availability amid coronavirus-driven supply chain disruptions worldwide.
Traders in Vietnam said the rice from India had been stockpiled in government
reserves since 2016-17 and its relatively cheap price reflected low quality.
“The rice quality is so poor that it is not good for direct consumption for
humans, but only for producing animal feeds and beer,” said a rice trader based
in Ho Chi Minh City.
Vietnam’s total paddy output in 2020 fell 1.85% to 42.69 million tonnes,
equivalent to around 21.35 million tonnes of rice, preliminary data from the
government’s General Statistics Office showed.
The country’s rice exports in 2020 were forecast to have fallen by 3.5% to 6.15
Robust demand from Asian and African countries has also been lifting Indian
prices but they are still very competitive due to ample stocks, said Nitin
Gupta, vice president of Olam India’s rice business.
Vietnam could make more purchases as long as the price difference remains,
In December, the world’s biggest rice importer China started buying Indian rice
for the first time in at least three decades due to tightening supplies from
Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam and an offer of sharply discounted prices.
In 2020 India exported a record 14 million tonnes of rice, provisional data
from the trade ministry showed.