BRUSSELS: Artificial Intelligence may diagnose dementia in a day

BRUSSELS: Artificial Intelligence may diagnose dementia in a day

BRUSSELS: Scientists are testing an
artificial-intelligence system thought to be capable of diagnosing dementia
after a single brain scan.

It may
also be able to predict whether the condition will remain stable for many
years, slowly deteriorate or need immediate treatment.

it can take several scans and tests to diagnose dementia.

researchers involved say earlier diagnoses with their system could greatly
improve patient outcomes.

Identify patterns

we intervene early, the treatments can kick in early and slow down the
progression of the disease and at the same time avoid more damage,” Prof
Zoe Kourtzi, of Cambridge University and a fellow of national centre for AI and
data science The Alan Turing Institute, said.

it’s likely that symptoms occur much later in life or may never occur.”

Kourtzi’s system compares brain scans of those worried they might have dementia
with those of thousands of dementia patients and their relevant medical records.

algorithm can identify patterns in the scans even expert neurologists cannot
see and match them to patient outcomes in its database.

Memory clinics

pre-clinical tests, it has been able to diagnose dementia, years before
symptoms develop, even when there is no obvious signs of damage on the brain

trial, at Addenbrooke’s Hospital and other memory clinics around the country,
will test whether it works in a clinical setting, alongside conventional ways
of diagnosing dementia.

In the
first year, about 500 patients are expected to participate.

results will go to their doctors, who can, if necessary, advise on the course
of treatment.

neurologist Dr Tim Rittman, who is leading the study, with neuroscientists at
Cambridge University, called the artificial-intelligence system a
“fantastic development”.

set of diseases are really devastating for people,” he said.

when I am delivering this information to a patient, anything I can do to be
more confident about the diagnosis, to give them more information about the
likely progression of the disease to help them plan their lives is a great
thing to be able to do.”

Sometimes struggling

Among the
first to participate in the trial, Denis Clark, 75, retired from his job as an
executive for a meat company five years ago.

year, his wife, Penelope, noticed he was sometimes struggling with his memory.

And they
are now concerned he is developing dementia.

tries to describe his symptoms but Penelope interjects to say he finds it hard
to explain what is happening.

couple are worried about having to sell their home to fund Denis’s care.

Penelope is relieved they should not have to wait long for a diagnosis and an
indication of how any dementia is likely to progress.

could then plan financially,” she said.

would know whether as a couple we could have a few holidays before things get
so bad that I can’t take Denis on holiday.”

Mental problems

of Dr Rittman’s patients, Mark Thompson, 57, who began having memory lapses 10
months ago, before the trial of the artificial-intelligence system began, said
it would have made a big difference to him had it been available.

had test after test after test and at least four scans before I was diagnosed,”
he said.

medical team was marvellous and did everything they could to get to the bottom
of what was wrong with me.

the uncertainty was causing me more… mental problems than any caused by the

it a tumour? Would they need to operate? It caused me so much stress not
knowing what was wrong with me.”

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